Q1 Hamlet

Is Q1 Hamlet a reported text?

The aim of this research project has been to test the hypothesis that Q1 Hamlet (1603) was put together by actors and reporters and represents an unauthorised text. This hypothesis was supported by two major scholarly studies published during the Second World War: G. I. Duthie, The ‘BAD’ QUARTO of HAMLET (Cambridge, 1941), and Alfred Hart, Stolne and Surreptitious Copies. A Comparative Study of Shakespeare’s Bad Quartos(Melbourne, 1942; reprinted 2014). This explanation was endorsed by a generation of Hamlet editors, including Harold Jenkins (1982), Philip Edwards (1985), and George Hibbard (1987), and those who edited the complete works between 1974 and 1986. It remained the consensus scholarly judgment until a backlash in the late 1980s against the New Bibliography, and especially the work of W. W. Greg, succeeded in discrediting the theory of memorial reconstruction and the whole concept of “Bad” Quartos. Setting aside Pollard’s unfortunate name for these texts, and the outdated notion of “pirates” violating the rights of stationers, the theory of memorial reconstruction was validated by Kathleen Irace in her book Reforming the “Bad” Quartos (1994) and in her edition, The First Quarto of Hamlet (1998).

The starting point for all these scholars was the fact that Q1, allegedly “acted by his Highnesse seruants in the Cittie of London”, was soon replaced by Q2 (1604-5), firmly stated to be “By William Shakespeare. Newly imprinted and enlarged to almost as much againe as it was, according to the true and perfect Coppie”. It seemed obvious to the scholarly tradition to start by comparing the two editions, to see what it was about Q1 that caused Shakespeare’s company to replace it with the authorised text. Yet Laurie Maguire, in her schematic overview, Shakespearean suspect texts (1996), although acknowledging that Hamlet Q1 and Q2 are “parallel texts” (342 n. 38), announced (155) that

I approach the Shakespearean suspect texts as if no parallel text existed i.e. I ignore any help or bias offered by a Q2 or F version. This puts the Shakespearean suspect texts on an equal footing with the non-Shakespearean and facilitates contextual understanding.

That remains a puzzling decision. Where does the implied “bias” reside? What is “contextual understanding”? Most serious, how can we put Q1 Hamlet on “an equal footing” with Q2, of which it is an attempted clone? Whatever its merits as a shortened acting version, preserving about half the text, it mangles Shakespeare’s language to the degree that a reader can often only understand it by referring to the authorised edition. Maguire’s example encouraged Terri Bourus, in Young Shakespeare’s Young Hamlet (2014), who not only avoided comparing Q1 with Q2 but barely quoted from Q1. Bourus also avoided engaging with the scholarly tradition, briefly dismissing G. I. Duthie, and never mentioning Alfred Hart (Maguire at least mentioned Hart a few times, albeit never engaging with his case). Bourus revived the long-discredited thesis that Q1 represents Shakespeare’s first draft (c. 1589), a theory treated with great respect by Gary Taylor and Rory Loughnane in the New Oxford Shakespeare Authorship Companion (542-8).

It seems a matter of some urgency to re-assess the possibility that Q1 Hamlet is a reported text. Previous scholars who have endorsed this hypothesis have studied internal evidence, ranging from sequences of high accuracy (derived from one actor still having his original “part”) to corrupt and unintelligible passages and the frequent misplacing of the text by anticipation and repetition. MacDonald Jackson, in an important essay, “Vocabulary, Chronology, and the First Quarto (1603) of Hamlet”, Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England 31 (2018), recently devised new tests of the play’s prosody and vocabulary that decisively date Q1 to 1602-3. I endorse his dating and agree with his assessment of the play’s un-Shakespearian language, its confusedly elliptical utterances, narrative incoherence, “pedestrian, clumsily repetitive, and sometimes barely meaningful verse”. My own approach derives from having noticed that Q1 contains many reminiscences of plays in the repertoires of the London theatres between 1587 and 1603. I am not the first person to compile such a list: Alfred Hart did so, briefly listing ‘Inter-play Borrowings’ (Stolne and Surreptitious Copies, 391-402).

Hart relied on his memory and wide reading, I have had the benefit of Pervez Rizvi’s database of 527 plays www.shakespearestext.com/can,  marked up to automatically identify every instance of verbal repetition, whether n-grams (contiguous sequences of two or more words) or collocations (dispersed sequences within a ten-word window, the approximate length of a line of verse). Rizvi’s database contains over 53,000 n-grams shared by Q1 Hamlet and the 526 other plays performed between 1552 and 1657. I have concentrated on the first 5,000, and given priority to unique n-gramsverbal matches occurring only twice in the corpus – that is, in this text and only one other – which are the most reliable form of evidence. Some of the matches occur 3 or 4 times elsewhere, but I have only included phrases within the relevant period (1587-1603) that are echoed for the first time in Q1.

Hart identified about 50 borrowings, I have added over 100 more. But I have also omitted about 50 instances of a unique parallel – occurring only in Q1 and in one other play – expressed in everyday language that any character in such a situation might have been expected to use. These “ordinary” utterances are often dismissed by readers unfamiliar with attribution studies, where the significance of verbal matches does not reside in their rarity. I am not claiming that every match is significant: readers will vary in their acceptance of each. But the total evidence, I submit, allows us to affirm that Q1 Hamlet is indeed a reported text, put together in 1602-3.

I am not the first person to compile such a list. Q1’s borrowings from Kyd’s Spanish Tragedy were noted by Sarrazin, Boas, and Robertson: cf. Duthie (181-6). Alfred Hart gave a wider sample of “Inter-play Borrowings” (391-402).

(1) 40 non-Shakespeare plays

1.1 sad and melancholy moods 03 Hamlet
sad and melancholy thoughts 83 Campaspe
1.2 Marry, my good lord, thus 03 Hamlet
Marry my good Lord thus 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.3 I never gave you cause 03 Hamlet
Hieronimo, I never gave you cause 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.4 He will relate the circumstance at full 03 Hamlet
I must entreat thee to relate ⏐ The circumstance 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.5 That you will labour 03 Hamlet
That you would labour my delivery 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.6 Revenge it is must yield this heart relief 03 Hamlet
For in revenge my heart would find relief 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.7 And if the King like not the tragedy 03 Hamlet
And if the world like not this Tragedie,
Hard is the hap of olde Hieronimo
87 Spanish Tragedy
1.8 him that makes you such a hapless son 03 Hamlet
The hopeless Father of a hapless Son 87 Spanish Tragedy
Take up our hapless son untimely slain 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.9 I will conceal, consent 03 Hamlet
And here I vow, so you but give consent,
And will conceal my resolution
87 Spanish Tragedy
Hieronimo, I will consent, conceal 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.10 What stratagem soe’er thou shalt devise 03 Hamlet
On then, whatsoever I devise,
Let me entreat you grace my practises
87 Spanish Tragedy
1.11 Thou mayst perchance have a more noble mate 03 Hamlet
Ay, but perhaps she loves some more noble mate 87 Spanish Tragedy
but perhaps, she hopes some nobler mate 01 Poetaster
1.12 Therefore I will not drown thee in my tears 03 Hamlet
To drown thee with an ocean of my tears 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.13 put thee in remembrance of my death 03 Hamlet
wear it in remembrance of my friend 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.14 He might be once tasked for to try your cunning 03 Hamlet
You mean to try my cunning, then, Hieronimo 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.15 And how for this? – Marry Leartes thus… — ’Tis excellent 03 Hamlet
And how for that? – Marry, my good Lord, thus … O excellent 87 Spanish Tragedy
1.16 You have prevailed, my lord. Awhile I’ll strive
To bury grief within a tomb of wrath
03 Hamlet
Thou hast prevail’d, I’ll conquer my misdoubt,
And in thy love and counsel drown my fear
87 Spanish Tragedy
1.17 O imperious Death! 03 Hamlet
there sits imperious Death 87 1 Tamburlaine
Thou ugly monster, grim imperious death 95 Lamentable Tragedies
1.18 the least dram of blood ⏐ In any part of him 03 Hamlet
That by the wars lost not a dram of blood 87 2 Tamburlaine
1.19 Whole hills of earth 03 Hamlet
shall raise a hill ⏐ Of earth 87 2 Tamburlaine
1.20 What means these sad and melancholy moods? 03 Hamlet
the sad and melancholy moods of perplexed minds 88 Endymion
1.21 a sad story told ⏐ That never mortal man could more unfold 03 Hamlet
which yet never mortal man could boast of heretofore 88 Endymion
1.22 Being the chiefest pillar of our state 03 Hamlet
The pillar of our state thus sore oppressed? 88 Misfortunes of Arthur
1.23 The best actors in Christendom 03 Q1 Hamlet
the bragginst knaue in christendom 88 Soliman and Perseda
the gainefulst trade in Christendom 89 King Leir
the raylingest knave in christendom 90 Arden of Faversham
1.24 I humbly take my leave. Farewell, Ofelia 03 Hamlet
I humbly take my leave.  ⏤ Farewell master Doctor 88 Dr Faustus
1.25 Do you see yonder great baby? 03 Hamlet
do ye see yonder tall fellow 88 Dr Faustus
1.26 this wicked act 03 Hamlet
As loathing Pyrrhus for this wicked act 88 Dido, Queen of Carthage
1.27 Even mermaid like, ’twixt heaven and earth 03 Hamlet
To hang her meteor like twixt heaven and earth 88 Dido
1.28 Hamlet, the only flower of Denmark 03 Hamlet
Called friar Bacon, England’s only flower 89 Fr. Bacon and Fr. Bongay
1.29 Forgo their proper powers and ran to pity 03 Hamlet
And rob the heavens of their proper power 89 Troublesome Reign
Power after power forsake their proper power 89 Troublesome Reign
1.30 forget these idle fits 03 Hamlet
No frenzy, nor no brainsick idle fit 89 2 Troublesome Reign
1.31 Grief upon grief! 03 Hamlet
Grief upon grief 89 2 Troublesome Reign
1.32 earnest vows 03 Hamlet
Nor earnest vows importing fervent love 90 Fair Em
If earnest vows might answer to my will 00 Maid’s Metamorphosis
1.33 of the truth hereof ⏐ This present object made probation 03 Hamlet
Yet let’s try the truth hereof 90 Fair Em
1.34 Is equal to the sorrow of my heart 03 Hamlet
May sit and sigh the sorrows of my heart 90 Fair Em
To open secret sorrows of my heart 94 Lamentable Tragedies
1.35 We are very glad to see your grace so pleasant 03 Hamlet
I joy to see your grace so tractable 90 Fair Em
1.36 Myself will be that happy messenger 03 Hamlet
See that thou entertain that happy messenger 91 Orlando Furioso
1.37 But for this, the joyful hope of this 03 Hamlet
Friends gratulate to me my joyful hopes 91 Edward the First
1.38 Ere many days be done, ⏐ You shall hear that 03 Hamlet
ere many days be passed, England shall give this 91 Edward the First
1.39 Anon as mild and gentle as a dove 03 Hamlet
Soft-hearted, mild, and gentle as a lamb 91 1 Selimus
1.40 I warrant you, my lord ⎼ And 03 Hamlet
I warrant you my lord, ⏤ And 92 Edward II
1.41 ay, marry, there it goes 03 Hamlet
Ay, there it goes 92 Edward II
1.42 soaks up the King’s Countenance, favours, and rewards 03 Hamlet
Deserveth princely favours and rewards 92 Edward II
1.43 a show of love 03 Hamlet
To undermine us with a show of love 92 Edward II
1.44 Hamlet, come sit down by me 03 Hamlet
Come Spencer, come Baldock, come sit down by me 92 Edward II
1.45 this damned villain 03 Hamlet
Did hire this damned villain and myself 94 Lamentable Tragedies
1.46 The fatal instrument is in thy hand 03 Hamlet
this fatal instrument, ⏐Was marked by heaven 94 Lamentable Tragedies
1.47 Nor all together mixed with outward semblance 03 Hamlet
Then never credit outward semblances 94 2 Lamentable Tragedies
with froth ⏐ Of outward semblance 98 Histriomastix
1.48 Where is this bloody sight? 03 Hamlet
behold, ⏐ A bloody sight, and murderous spectacle 94 Lamentable Tragedies
O most bloody sight! 99 Julius Caesar
1.49 Lies where it falls, unable to resist 03 Hamlet
but being unable to resist so many 97 Humorous Day’s Mirth
1.50 My lord, we can by no means know of him 03 Hamlet
my Lord: we can by no means get her to confess 98 Robert of Huntingdon
1.51 as the blind man catcheth a hare 03 Hamlet
yet sometimes the blind may catch a Hare 98 Englishmen my Money
1.52 How now, what noise is that? 03 Hamlet
How now? what noise is that! 98 EMIH
1.53 you have been too prodigal of your maiden presence  03 Hamlet
you are too prodigalOf your wit’s treasure 98 EMIH
1.54 No, by my faith, mother, here’s a metal more attractive 03 Hamlet
No by my faith mother I sent Warwick into France 99 1 Edward IV
By my faith mother, I hope you shall see 99 1 Edward IV
1.55 The jewel that adorned his feature most Is filched and stol’n away 03 Hamlet
live by honest filching and stealing 99 1 Edward IV
1.56 And dive into the secret of my soul 03 Hamlet
The world might read the secrets of my soul 99 2 Edward IV
1.57 The venturous Knight shall use his foil and target 03 Hamlet
For none can travel openly, to escape the venturous Knights, Unless he have a noble mind 99 Clyomon and Clamydes
1.58 I hear young Hamlet coming. I’ll shroud myself 03 Hamlet
Well here comes one, I’ll shroud myself 99 Clyomon and Clamydes
1.59 this tragic spectacle 03 Hamlet
But stay: what tragic spectacle appears 99 Antonio and Mellida
Came and beheld the tragic spectacle 02 Hoffman
1.60 dream of death 03 Hamlet
all this a dream? — A dream of death 99 Trial of Chivalry
1.61 my jocund heart doth leap for joy, ⏐ That I 03 Hamlet
my heart doth leap for joy, That I 99 Clyomon and Clamydes
My heart shall leap for joy, that 00 Patient Grissel
1.62 O Time, how swiftly runs our joys away! 03 Hamlet
O these times, these impious times, How swift is mischief? 00 Patient Grissel
1.63 Alas, my lord, as raging as the sea 03 Hamlet
my desire Is raging as the Sea 00 Lust’s Dominion
1.64 such tokens which I have received of you 03 Hamlet
to quittance those great benefits, I have received of you 00 1 Sir John Oldcastle 
1.65 Alas, dear heart! 03 Hamlet
Alas dear heart 00 Jack Drum
1.66 for her sex is weak 03 Hamlet
O shed no tears. Thy sex is weak 00 Antonio’s Revenge
1.67 O God, a beast Devoid of reason would not have made 03 Hamlet
The very beasts that he devoid of reason, dull and dumb 01 Liberality and Prodigality
1.68 Meanwhile, be patient and content yourself 03 Hamlet
Father be patient, and content yourself 01 Lord Cromwell
1.69 Both to my God and to my sovereign King; And 03 Hamlet
Thanks to my God, next to my Sovereign King, ⏐ And 01 Lord Cromwell
1.70 Madam, never make doubt of that 03 Hamlet
Never make doubt of that 01 Lord Cromwell
1.71 With an attentive ear 03 Hamlet
The attentive ear of Caesar 01 Poetaster
keep their sound from my attentive ear 02 Four Prentices of London
1.72 more than wonder in the judicial ears 03 Hamlet
Then feed the hearings of judicial ears 02 Histriomastix
1.73 glad to see your grace so pleasant. My good lord 03 Hamlet
glad you are so pleasant my good Lord 03 Hoffman

(2) Matches with 25 Shakespeare plays

2.1 Farewell Horatio, heaven receiue my soule 03 Hamlet
Ah unkle Gloster, heaven receive thy soule 91 Contention
Well now you heavens receive my ghost 99 Clyomon and Clamydes
2.2 Now that the funerall rites are all performed 03 Hamlet
take him hence, and see his funerals be performed 91 Contention
2.3 To meet him on the east side of the city 03 Hamlet
This evening, on the east side of the grove 91 2 Henry VI
Are you advised? The east side of the grove 91 2 Henry VI
2.4 Anon as mild and gentle as a dove 03 Hamlet
As mild and gentle as the cradle babe 91 2 Henry VI
2.5 That Hamlet lose his head, for he must die 03 Hamlet
Shall lose his head for his presumption 91 2 Henry VI
2.6 Die, damned villain! 03 Hamlet
Die, damned wretch 91 2 Henry VI
2.7 Being the chiefest piller of our state 03 Hamlet
Brave Peeres of England, Pillars of the State 91 2 Henry VI
2.8 can you look on himThat slew my father 03 Hamlet
Where I shall kneel to him that slew my father 91 3 Henry VI
2.9 I see Prince Hamlet makes a show of love 03 Hamlet
And make a show of love to proud Duke Humphrey 91 3 Henry VI
2.10 Oh, speak no more, for then I am accursed! 03 Hamlet
O, speak no more, for I have heard too much! 91 3 Henry VI
2.11 The fatal instrument is in thy hand 03 Hamlet
To bend the fatal instruments of war 91 3 Henry VI
2.12 O these are sinnes that are unpardonable 03 Hamlet
Oh,’tis a fault too too unpardonable 91 3 Henry VI
2.13 You have prevailed, my lord 03 Hamlet
You have prevailed, my lord 94 TGV
2.14 Therefore Leartes be in readynes 03 Hamlet
And desires you to be in readinesse 03 Hamlet
Royall Commanders, be in readinesse 91 3 Henry VI
2.15 And not the deerest friend that Hamlet lov’d
Will ever have Leartes in suspect
03 Hamlet
Give me assurance with some friendly Vow,
That I may never have you in suspect
91 3 Henry VI
2.16 For woe begets woe, and griefe hangs on griefe 03 Hamlet
Wo above wo: greefe more then common greefe 91 3 Henry VI
2.17 of the truth hereof 03 Hamlet
Come, go along and see the truth hereof 91 The Taming of the Shew
I long to know the truth hereof 94 The Comedy of Errors
2.18 Therefore let mee intreat you stay in Court 03 Hamlet
Let us intreat you stay till after dinner 92 The Shrew
2.19 God grant it may, heau’ns keep my Hamlet safe 03 Hamlet
Then be it so: Heauens keepe old Bedford safe 92 1 Henry VI
2.20 To affright children and amaze the world 03 Hamlet
The scar-crow that affrights our Children so 92 1 Henry VI
2.21 A looke fit for a murder and a rape 03 Hamlet
By nature made for murthers and for rapes 92 Titus
2.22 Into this frensie, which now possesseth him 03 Hamlet
Unlesse some fit or frenzie doe possesse her 92 Titus
like a frenzy| This innovation shall possess their minds 99 1 Oldcastle
2.23 As deep as the centre of the earth 03 Hamlet
And pierce the inmost centre of the Earth 92 Titus
Love ⏐ Is as the very centre of the Earth 02 Troilus and Cressida
2.24 the chronicles ⏐ And brief abstracts of the time 03 Hamlet
Brief abstract and record of tedious days 93 Richard III
2.25 betrayed to death 03 Hamlet
Poor Clarence, by thy guile betrayed to death 93 Richard III
2.26 his tears to drops of blood, Amaze the standers-by 03 Hamlet
and ride in blood. Amaze the welkin 93 Richard III
2.27 Thoughts and afflictions, torments worse than hell! 03 Hamlet
No, he’s in Tartar limbo, worse than hell 93 Errors
2.28 Therefore I will not drowne thee in my teares 03 Hamlet
Oh traine me not sweet Mermaide with thy note,
To drowne me in thy sister floud of teares
93 Errors
2.29 Yea, murder in the highest degree 03 Hamlet
Murther, sterne murther, in the dyr’st degree 93 Richard III
2.30 Bound By love, by duetie, and obedience 03 Hamlet
And put meeknesse in thy breast,
Love Charity, Obedience, and true Dutie
93 Richard III
2.31 And dive into the secreet of my soule 03 Hamlet
Dive thoughts downe to my soue 93 Richard III
2.32 How now Gertred, why looke you heavily? 03 Hamlet
Why lookes your Grace so heavily to day? 93 Richard III
2.33 Forbear a while 03 Hamlet
lend me patience to forbear a while 94 TGV
2.34 My lord, your mother craves to speake with you 03 Hamlet
Madam, your mother craves a word with you 95 Romeo & Juliet
2.35 some noble parentage 03 Hamlet
A gentleman of noble parentage 95 Romeo & Juliet
Because you are of noble parentage 02 Sir Thomas Wyatt
2.36 if you be fair and honest 03 Hamlet
My invocation ⏐ Is fair and honest 95 Romeo & Juliet
2.37 A pretty wretch! 03 Hamlet
The pretty wretch left crying and said Ay 95 Romeo & Juliet
2.38 I had thought to adorn thy bridal bed, fair maid 03 Hamlet
Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew 95 Romeo & Juliet
2.39 I had thought to adorne thy bridal bed, faire maide,
And not to follow thee into thy grave
03 Hamlet
Every one prepare
To follow this faire Coarse unto her grave
95 Romeo & Juliet
2.40 None lives on earth, but hee is borne to die 03 Hamlet
Well, we were borne to die 95 Romeo & Juliet
2.41 Spare for no cost 03 Hamlet
Spare not for cost 95 Romeo & Juliet
2.42 Why, appetite with you is in the wane 03 Hamlet
light of discretion that he is in the wane 95 MND
2.43 Alas, what change is this? 03 Hamlet
What change is this, ⏐ Sweet love? 95 MND
2.44 pray, heartily — I beseech you 03 Hamlet
your Worships mercy, heartily. I beseech your 95 MND
2.45 See where he comes, poring upon a book 03 Hamlet
As painfully to pore upon a book 96 LLL
2.46 Grips me by the wrist 03 Hamlet
he that speaks doth grip the hearer’s wrist 96 King John
2.47 Before their weak and fear-oppressed eyes 03 Hamlet
To fear the foe, since fear oppresseth strength, | Gives in your weakness 95 Richard II
capable of fears, ⏐ Oppressed with wrongs 96 King John
2.48 princely son 03 Hamlet
the dolphin there, thy princely son 96 King John
2.49 this great world you see contents me not 03 Hamlet
my little body is weary of this great worldYou 96 Merchant of Venice
2.50 A maiden’s eye ne’er looked on 03 Hamlet
By nice direction of a maiden’s eyes 96 Merchant of Venice
2.51 Unless by chance, as the blind man catcheth a hare 03 Hamlet
He knows me as the blind man knows the cuckoo 96 Merchant of Venice
2.52 For lovers lines are snares to entrap the heart 03 Hamlet
A golden mesh t’entrap the hearts of men 96 Merchant of Venice
2.53 Mary wel thought on, t’is given me to understand 03 Hamlet
But there the Duke was given to understand 96 Merchant of Venice
2.54 For more than all the coin in Denmark 03 Hamlet
for all the coin in thy father’s Exchequer 97 1 Henry IV
2.55 Oh, he is welcome, by my soul he is! 03 Hamlet
My cousin Vernon, welcome, by my soul 97 1 Henry IV
2.56 To lay my head in your lap? 03 Hamlet
quick, that I may lay my head in thy lap 97 1 Henry IV
2.57 Shall we have a play? 03 Hamlet
Shall we have a play extempore? 97 1 Henry IV
2.58 Yet was he something more inclined to mirth 03 Hamlet
When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth 97 2 Henry IV
2.59 In tender preservation of your health, ⏐ The which 03 Hamlet
your loving complices ⏐ Lean on your health, the which 97 2 Henry IV
2.60 would turn all to a chaos 03 Hamlet
and turn all to a merriment 97 2 Henry IV
2.61 Well, fare you well. Commend me to him 03 Hamlet
Fare you well. Commend me to my cousin 97 2 Henry IV
2.62 Oh, wicked, wicked speed 03 Hamlet
O wicked, wicked world! 97 Merry Wives of Windsor
O wicked, wicked plant! 02 Additions Sp. Tr.
2.63 sharp words 03 Hamlet
gets more of her than sharp words 97 Merry Wives of Windsor
2.64 Vehemency of love 03 Hamlet
the vehemency of your affection 97 Merry Wives of Windsor
2.65 ay, there’s the point 03 Hamlet
Ay, there’s the point, sir 97 Merry Wives of Windsor
Ay, there’s the point 02 Othello
2.66 now his tongueSpeaks from his heart 03 Hamlet
what his heart thinks, his tongue speaks 98 Much Ado
2.67 he was a gallant king 03 Hamlet
O, ’tis a gallant king! 99 Henry V
2.68 In tender preservation of your health 03 Hamlet
in their dear care ⏐ And tender preservation of our person 99 Henry V
2.69 as a many of your players do 03 Hamlet
For yet a many of your horsemen peer 99 Henry V
2.70 The winde sits faire, you shall aboorde to night 03 Hamlet
Now sits the winde faire, and we will aboord 99 Henry V
2.71 The winde sits faire, you shall aboorde to night 03 Hamlet
We will aboord to night 99 Henry V
2.72 Alas, it is the weakness of thy brain, ⏐ Which makes thy 03 Hamlet
I think it is the weakness of mine eyes ⏐ That shapes this 99 Julius Caesar
Alas, it is the baseness of thy fear That 01 Twelfth Night
2.73 afeard to show, he’ll not be afeard to tell 03 Hamlet
To be afeard to tell graybeards the truth? 99 Julius Caesar
2.74 To sweat under the yoke of infamy 03 Hamlet
To groan and sweat under the business 99 Julius Caesar
2.75 His garters lagging down, his shoes untied, And  03 Hamlet
your sleeve unbuttoned, your shoe untied, and 00 AYLI
2.76 What news, my lord? ⏤ Oh, wonderful, wonderful 03 Hamlet
tell me who it is. ⏤ O wonderful, wonderful 00 AYLI
2.77 Changed his colour 03 Hamlet
Change you colour? 00 AYLI
2.78 I think not so, my lord 03 Hamlet
I think not so, my lord 01 Twelfth Night
2.79 O heav’ns themselves! 03 Hamlet
O heavens themselves! 01 Twelfth Night
2.80 Bore the young lady up; and there she sat smiling 03 Hamlet
She sat like Patience on a monument Smiling at grief 01 Twelfth Night
2.81 Such men often prove,
Great in their words, but little in their love
03 Hamlet
For still we prove
Much in our vowes, but little in our love
01 Twelfth Night
2.82 Nay, I pray, mark now 03 Hamlet
Nay, I pray, mark me, sir 02 Sp. Tr. Additions
2.83 This soft bosom 03 Hamlet
Can thy soft bosom entertain a thought 02 Sp. Tr. Additions
2.84 Why look, it is a thing of nothing 03 Hamlet
In troth, my Lord, it is a thing of nothing 02 Sp. Tr. Additions
2.85 I in all love and dutie take my leave 03 Hamlet
Our love and duetie is at your command 03 Hamlet
Heaven is my Judge, not I for loue and dutie,
But seeming so, for my peculiar end
02 Othello
2.86 Although I know your grief is as a flood,
Brimful of sorrow
03 Hamlet
for my particular grief
Is of so flood-gate and o’erbearing nature
That it engluts and swallows other sorrows
02 Othello
2.87 With this slave’s offal, this damned villain 03 Hamlet
Roderigo meant t’ have sent this damned villain 02 Othello
2.88 Ask grace of heaven to keep thee from despair 03 Hamlet
Hail to thee, lady! and the grace of heaven
Before, behind thee, and on every hand
Enwheel thee round
02 Othello
2.89 to my unfoldingLend thy listening ear 03 Hamlet
To my unfolding lend your prosperous ear 02 Othello
2.90 Upon my love, I charge thee let it go 03 Hamlet
Speak: who began this? On thy love, I charge thee 02 Othello
2.91 Now pour your earth on, Olympus high,
And make a hill to o’er top
03 Hamlet
let the labouring bark climb hills of seas
Olympus high, and duck again as low
02 Othello
2.92 To die, to sleep, is that all? Ay, all 03 Hamlet
Oh, is that all? 02 Othello
2.93 let not thy heart ⏐ Conspire against thy mother aught 03 Hamlet
Thou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago 02 Othello
2.94 I never gave you cause. But stand away 03 Hamlet
Alas the day, I never gave him cause 02 Othello
2.95 My lord, content you a while 03 Hamlet
Content thyself a while 02 Othello
2.96 This is a change indeed 03 Hamlet
Here’s a change indeed 02 Othello
Why, here’s a change indeed in the commonwealth 03 Measure for Measure
2.97 ’Tis given me to understandThat you have been 03 Hamlet
I am made to understand that you have lent 03 Measure for Measure
2.98 Gentlemen, for your kindness I thank you 03 Hamlet
For truly, sir, for your kindness, I owe you 03 Measure for Measure
2.99 My lord, ’tis not the sable suit I wear 03 Hamlet
Let sorrow in a sable suit appear 98 Robin Hood
2.100 For woe begets woe, and grief hangs on grief 03 Hamlet
Woe above woe: grief more than common grief 91 3 Henry VI
2.101 No, nor the spangled heavens 03 Hamlet
Even from the fiery spangled vale of heaven 87 2 Tamburlaine
Then was the spangled vale of heaven drawn in 92 Knack to Know a Knave
  • Featured Publications

    For more details, please click on the book cover above.

    For more details, please click on the book cover above.